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 2013/178     Eradication and control of invasive alien plants in the Mediterranean Basin: results of the EPPO questionnaire

 

The EPPO Secretariat launched a questionnaire in 2010 to gather information on eradication and control actions against invasive alien plants in the Mediterranean Basin. Thirty-four (34) eradication actions were reported: 16 occurring in Spain, 7 in Italy, 7 in France, 1 in Portugal, 1 in Malta, and 2 on the southern rim of the Mediterranean, with 1 in Israel and 1 in Tunisia. Twenty-four (24) species were targeted, and the habitats where such actions were undertaken were most frequently coastal dunes, sandy shores and aquatic ecosystems. Control actions concerning 90 species were also reported. The results of this questionnaire show that a large number of eradication campaigns, as well as management actions, are being undertaken in Mediterranean countries.

The results of the EPPO questionnaire concerning eradication campaigns are summarized below.

 

Alien species targeted for eradication
Country
 
Agave americana (Agavaceae)
-   Spain (on sand dunes in Andalucía)
 
Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae, EPPO List of Invasive Alien Plants)
-   Italy (Capraia island, Tuscany Archipelago National Park)
-   Italy (Montecristo island, Tuscany Archipelago National Park)
-   Italy (Isola delle Femmine, Nature reserve, Sicilia)
-   Spain
Ambrosia confertiflora (Asteraceae)
-   Israel (Heffer valley)
 
Asparagus asparagoides (Asparagaceae, EPPO Alert List)
-   Spain (Andalucía)
 
Buddleia davidii (Scrophulariaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   Spain (Aragón)
 
Carpobrotus edulis (Aizoaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   Spain (Minorca Island)
-   Spain (Valencia region)
Carpobrotus spp. (= C. edulis & C. acinaciformis) (Aizoaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   France (Bagaud Island)
-   Malta (Ir-Ramla tat-Torri (northern coast of the island of Malta) and Ir-Ramla I-Ħamra (along the northern coast of the island of Gozo))
-   Spain (Andalucía, on sand dunes)
Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae)
-   Spain (Aragón)
 
Cylindropuntia rosea (Cactaceae)
-   France (Salagou Lake)
-   Spain (Castellón, Valencia and Alicante)
Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae, EPPO A2 List)
-   Spain (Valencia region)
 
Leersia oryzoides (Poaceae)
-   Spain (Catalunia)
 
Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (Poaceae)
-   Spain (Catalunia)
 
Ludwigia peploides (Onagraceae, EPPO A2 List)
-   Spain (Castellón, Valencia and Alicante)
 
Marsilea drummondii (Marsileaceae)
-   France (Lac de l’Ecureuil, Esterel, domanial forest)
 
Nicotiana glauca (Solanaceae)
-   France (Saint Laurent de Salanque)
 
Oenothera biennis (Onagraceae)
-   Spain (Aragón)
 
Opuntia stricta (Cactaceae)
-   Italy (Isola delle Femmine, Nature reserve, Sicilia).
 
Pennisetum setaceum (Poaceae, EPPO List of IAP) and P. villosum (Poaceae)
-   France (Sète)
 
Pistia stratiotes (Araceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   Spain (Andalucía
 
Salvinia molesta (Salviniaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   France (Corse)
-   Italy (Pozzo del Merro)
-   Portugal (Southern Portugal)
Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae, EPPO A2 List)
-   France (Etang de Berre)
-   Tunisia (Mahdia)
Solanum linnaeanum (Solanaceae)
-   Italy (Isola delle Femmine, Nature reserve, Sicilia).
 
Sicyos angulatus (Cucurbitaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
-   Italy (Parco del Serio, protected area)
-   Spain (Catalunia)

 

 

Source:
Brunel S, Brundu G & Fried G (2013) Eradication and control of invasive alien plants in the Mediterranean Basin: towards better coordination to enhance existing initiatives. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 43(2), 290-308.
Additional key words: invasive alien plants, eradication, control
Computer codes: 1CBSG, AGVAM, AILAL, ASPAS, BUDDA, CBSED, CDTSE, EICCR, FRSCO, LEFUN, LEROR, LUDPM, MASDR, NIOGL, OEOBI, OPURS, OPUST, PESSA, PESVI, PIIST, SAVMO, SIYAN, SOLEL, SOLSO, ES, FR, IL, IT, MT, PT, TN
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